Though known today mainly as a recreational drug, ecstasy has also been used off-label in medical contexts. Ecstasy was briefly explored as a therapeutic drug, as some psychotherapists believed it opened people up and enhanced their potential for empathy and understanding of one another.
This use was interrupted by the criminalization of MDMA. The view that ecstasy can reliably enhance the therapeutic process has now fallen out of favor in the psychotherapeutic community.
Ecstasy was classified as a Schedule I drug in 1985, which means that the substance has a high potential for abuse and is not used to treat medical conditions.